Resources to Prepare, Respond and Recover

Prepare, Respond and Recover; Resources for School Safety

For-Profit Resources

NLECTC provides the following resource links as a service to law enforcement, corrections and forensic science practitioners. These websites may include references to specific commercial products, processes or services by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise. Their inclusion does not constitute or imply their endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the U.S. Government and it shall not be used for the purposes of advertising, nor to imply the endorsement or recommendation of the U.S. Government.

  • The Alice Training Institute (Alert, Lockdown, Inform, Counter, Evacuate) offers training based on a set of proactive strategies aimed at increasing chances of survival during an armed intruder event. ALICE has been adopted by more than 900 organizations in the United States, including schools, universities, businesses, hospitals and places of worship.
  • Awareity emphasizes a prevention approach that focuses on awareness of surroundings and situations, and accountability at the individual level for reporting and following procedures. It includes resources dedicated to student safety and equipping schools with the tools needed to prevent incidents such as bullying, peer-to-peer violence and suicide.
    (See "Anonymous Reporting and Prevention Platform Helps Stop Trouble Before It Starts” in Success Stories)
  • Bark is a parental software tool powered by advanced technology that proactively alerts parents to common dangers, including cyberbullying, sexting, Internet predators, depression and suicidal thoughts, then provides expert recommendations on how to address these issues. Bark partners with schools to help spread the word about this online safety solution to parents, and the company provides an ongoing 25 percent revenue share of family membership fees generated by a school's efforts. Find out more at
  • ClassGuard™ Privacy Screens are a UL-listed pull down shade that blocks all light and vision into a room.  Add this to existing wood or steel door or sidelights in minutes without tools.  Include ClassGuard as part of your emergency-preparedness program for sheltering-in-place, without compromising the fire-listing on the door.  For more information:
  • Classroom Killers? Hallway Hostages?, written by school safety and crisis preparedness expert Ken Trump, dispels the myths, misconceptions and hype surrounding the lessons learned from national school violence crises and shifting security threat trends.
  • Direct Action Resource Center offers a tactical emergency medical training program.
  • e-Copp is an Internet safety education program that involves schools, local law enforcement, parents, children and the community in promoting safe use of the Internet and online resources. Visit
  • Firearms Training Systems, Inc. (FATS) Simulator includes school shooter scenarios.
  • The Handbook for Campus Threat Assessment & Management Teams, provides resources to help colleges and universities develop the structure, scope, functions, and day-to-day operations of these teams that identify and monitor students who may intervention due to their behaviors.
  • Hide-Away™ Safe Rooms are folding, rapidly deployable shelters that can provide sanctuary for a teacher and up to 25 students. Built to withstand F5 tornadoes and military-grade weapons, these collapsible units fold down to 17 inches in depth and can be installed behind a whiteboard.
  • Ident-A-Kid has provided child identification and visitor management solutions to schools across the nation for over 30 years. Ident-A-Kid’s Visitor Management system will track all visitor, volunteer, staff and student activity at your school and district. Our software will scan all visitors against the National Sexual Offender Registry, as well as your custom banned/custody issue (NoGo) list, to secure your campus from visitors who do not need access to your students and faculty.
  • Pearson-Radli Training Programs include school crisis situations, negotiations, hostage survival and crisis intervention training.
  • Rave MobileSafety produces a panic button app that allows silent communication.
    (See "Panic Button App Allows Silent Communication” in Success Stories)
  • Report Exec is a software suite that takes care of incident reports, mass notification, visitor management, bullying reports and more. As users complete activities within the system, they generate valuable data to build an informed security strategy. In-depth analysis features harness this data to pinpoint weaknesses, identify at-risk individuals and spot trends in activity.


  • University of Missouri – Columbia – Law Enforcement Training offers training related to school safety.
  • The University of Southern Mississippi hosts the National Center for Sports Spectator Safety and Security offers training, professional development opportunities and academic programs for sport venue managers, event managers, first responders and other key stakeholders. The Certified Sport Venue Staff (CSVS) certification was designed for front line staff critical to the safety and security of sports and special events, and for individuals seeking CSVS certification prior to employment. Visit

Nonprofit Organizations

  • 32 National Campus Safety Initiative, a program of the VTV Family Outreach Foundation, empowers college and university campus communities to make informed decisions about campus safety. Resources include a free self-assessment survey tool for institutions of higher education to use in conducting an objective analysis of a full range of institutional safety and security facilities, policies and procedures.
  • AlertID is a free app that allows registered users to view alerts and other information about their selected neighborhoods. Visit for more information and to register.
    (See “AlertID Partners With Law Enforcement to Promote Safety” in Success Stories.)
  • The American Red Cross offers school safety tips, mainly covering transportation to and from school, at
  • Campus Answers provides diversity training and content on a variety of higher education issues including bullying sexual harassment.
  • Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) training, offered through the National Association of School Resource Officers, provides instruction on using design, management and activity strategies to reduce opportunities for crime to occur, to reduce fear and to improve overall safety of schools. The CPTED concept emphasizes the relationship of the physical environment, the productive use of space and the behavior of people. The course includes a hands-on CPTED evaluation of a school and attendees receive tools to use on their school campus.
    (See "In-depth School Safety Audits” in Success Stories)
  • The Cyberbullying Research Center includes presentations for use by staff and students, information on bullying and sexting laws, and resources based on age group.
  • Educator School Safety Network helps keep schools safe by providing training, services and resources to educators, administrators, school-based law enforcement emergency responders and other stakeholders.
  • Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility: Visit the site at
  • The Koshka Foundation for Safe Schools, a nonprofit dedicated to improving campus safety, empowering student activism and forging connections between survivors and various causes, was founded by Virginia Tech survivor Kristina Anderson. The Koshka Foundation also partners with law enforcement, in particular campus law enforcement, to provide educational presentations on surviving an active shooter from a survivor's perspective, and best practices in incorporating lessons learned. Visit at
  • National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians (NAEMT) offers a number of continuing education courses, including training specific to the needs of law enforcement officers.
    (See "Course Teaches Officers How to Administer Aid, Improve Survival” in Success Stories)
  • National Crime Prevention Council (NCPC) is a source of information on crime prevention. Several educational materials deal with school safety and related issues.
    (See "McGruff Turns to Technology" in Success Stories)
  • National School Safety Center (NSSC) provides training, technical assistance and school safety site assessments, and targets both law enforcement professionals and educators. http://www.School
  • National White Collar Crime Center, using U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance funding, offers a number of trainings, including training related to school safety.
    (See "NW3C Helps SROs Find a Place in ‘Communities’ ” in Success Stories)
  • Not In Our Town is a movement to stop hate, address bullying and build safe, inclusive communities. The NIOT website contains information on how to start a campaign and resources on diversity, inclusion, hazing and mental health.
  • Rural Domestic Preparedness Consortium (RDPC) provides training and resources for emergency first responders with an emphasis on rural areas. RDPC offers AWR 148 Crisis Management for School-based Incidents: Partnering Rural Law Enforcement and Local School Systems at
    (See "Finding Ways to Maximize Limited Resources” in Success Stories)
  • Safe and Sound Schools. started by the community surrounding Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., offers a model school safety program and tools to implement it, along with discussion forums, training tools and exercises, and a newsletter.
  • Safe Havens International is committed to helping schools and school systems improve crisis preparedness and campus safety, working with schools on national and international levels in planning, coordinating and evaluating a wide range of school crisis simulations.
  • Safe Routes to School National Partnership is a network of more than 600 nonprofit organizations, government agencies, schools and professionals working together to advance the Safe Routes to School movement in the United States.
  • The Tyler Clementi Foundation, formed after Tyler's death following an act of cyberbullying and humiliation, provides related resources. 

Free Resource Materials

  • 015 Campus Safety Survey Key Findings Report presents the results of an anonymous online survey conducted by the National Center for Campus Public Safety in spring 2015. It assesses the current state of campus public safety and confirms findings from the field and information found in other recently released reports. Download the PDF at
  • A Comprehensive Report on School Safety Technology, prepared by Johns Hopkins University with funding from the National Institute of Justice, by Johns Hopkins University, presents a detailed picture of existing school safety technology at a particular point in time. The report examines the technologies currently being used, how they are used and how those technologies were chosen. Read more at
  • A Comprehensive Technical Package for the Prevention of Youth Violence and Associated Risk Behaviors, produced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, uses evidence-based strategies to help prevent or reduce public health problems, particularly youth violence, among 10- to 24-year olds, and supports the CDC's STRYVE (Striving To Reduce Youth Violence Everywhere) Initiative for preventing youth violence. Download it from
  • A National Conversation on Police and Community Interactions: Findings of a Forum of College and University Student Leaders and Chiefs of Police reports on a two-day August 2016 forum that involved in-depth discussions between student leaders and their police chiefs/campus safety executives representing 20 colleges and universities. The event identified gaps in perception between students and public safety at institutions of higher education and helped build a framework to help the campus community bridge those gaps. Download the report at
  • A National Conversation on Police and Community Interactions on HBCU Campuses reports on the results of a two-day emerging issues forum that involved in-depth discussions between student leaders and their police chiefs/safety directors. Available at,  it includes an overview of participants' discussions regarding gaps in perception between students and public safety officials, and identifies recommendations to assist in bridging those gaps.
  • A Study of Active Shooter Incidents in the United States Between 2000 and 2013,available at, provides research into 160 active shooter incidents in the United States during that time period.
  • 2015 Campus Safety Survey Key Findings Report presents the results of an anonymous online survey conducted by the National Center for Campus Public Safety in spring 2015. It assesses the current state of campus public safety and confirms findings from the field and information found in other recently released reports. Download the PDF at
  • Active Shooter: How to Respond (October 2008). Because active shooter situations are often over within 10 to 15 minutes (before law enforcement arrives on the scene), individuals must be prepared both mentally and physically to deal with an active shooter situation.
  • Attention Students and Staff, a training tool created by a partnership between the Village of Gurnee Police Department, Woodland School District 50 and the Television Department of Columbia College in Chicago, can be ordered at no charge by law enforcement agencies, public safety agencies and educational institutions across the United States and the world. This video was put together by a group of more than 60 volunteers, including acting/film/TV industry professionals, educators, law enforcement professionals, and college and middle school students. View the trailer at and email or call (847) 599-7080 to order.
    (See "Volunteers Come Together to Produce Free Training Video” in Success Stories)
  • Best Practices for NCAA Championships Competition Venue Safety and Security, a free online resource guide, offers tips about threat assessment and venue security that can apply to any large-scale athletic competition. Read it at
  • The Biological and Psychosocial Effects of Peer Victimization: Lessons for Bullying Prevention, a 19-page pdf document describes a study on the state of the science on biological and psychosocial consequences of peer victimization from early childhood through adolescence, as well as the risk and protective factors that either increase or decrease peer victimization behavior and consequences. This report is the result of an NIJ-funded project but is produced by the National Criminal Justice Reference Service. You can download the report from
  • Bullying in Schools: An Overview (February 2011). This bulletin provides an overview of studies funded by Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention, a summary of the researchers’ findings, and recommendations for policy and practice.
  • Bus-Ted is Tennessee's broken bus safety system, a website for parents to help them keep their kids safe on school buses.  Although primarily for residents of Tennessee, the site has general information on school bus safety.
  • Campus Attacks: Targeted Violence Affecting Institutions of Higher Education, jointly produced by the FBI, the U.S. Secret Service and the U.S. Department of Education in the aftermath of the Virginia Tech massacre in 2007, presents research on targeted violence in institutions of higher education. It provides an overview of various incidents, discusses initial observations regarding behaviors of the subjects and offers preliminary considerations regarding the data that may have relevance to threat assessment.
  • Campus-Community Policing at Historically Black Colleges and Universities: A Guidebook for Law Enforcement and Community Representatives, produced by the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS Office) in 2009, is a road map for historically black colleges and universities (HBCU) and law enforcement agencies to reduce violent crime and drug use on HBCU campuses and the surrounding communities by increasing community engagement and strengthening relations between police and community members. The model is designed to help HBCUs and law enforcement establish functional partnerships in their own communities. Download the file at
  • Campus Security Guidelines: Recommended Operational Policies for Local and Campus Law Enforcement Agencies, a 2009 publication of the U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance and the Major Cities Chiefs Association, contains campus security guidelines in the areas of policies and agreements, prevention and preparedness, coordinated response and after action.
    The content is based on surveys sent to campus public safety departments and every MCCA member city. Available at
  • Community-Based Approaches to Prevention, reports on the 2014 National Summit on Preventing Multiple Casualty Violence convened by the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, Johns Hopkins University and the Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers following the Aurora (Colo.) theater shooting. You can download the full report from
  • Comparison of Program Activities and Lessons Learned Among 19 School Resource Officer (SRO) Programs (March 2005). This National Institute of Justice funded document reports the results of a national assessment of SRO programs conducted through a cooperative agreement.
  • Components of Comprehensive School and School District Emergency Management Plans (2007). According to this U.S. Department of Education publication, to ensure the safety of students, faculty and staff, schools and school districts nationwide should create comprehensive, multihazard management plans that focus on the four phases of emergency management—prevention-mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.
  • Cyber Bullying: The Complete Resource Guide takes a thorough look at characteristics of bullies and bullying, types of cyber bullying and what law enforcement officers can do to protect victims and prevent bullying. Available at
  • Defending Childhood: Report of the Attorney General’s National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence (2012) offers recommendations for communities dedicated to reducing and/or ending children’s exposure to violence.
  • The Essential Teen Internet Safety Guide can be downloaded from It includes tips for parents on monitoring social media activity, addressing cyberbullying and using email, IM and chat safely.
  • Fire Safety: Before, During and After a Fire in Your Home, a web page created as part of a student safety education project, offers a number of useful fire safety tips that apply to schools as well as homes, including planning escape routes, the dangers of smoke exposure, how to stop, drop and roll if your clothing catches on fire, and how and when to use a fire extinguisher. Visit to learn more.
  • First Responder Guidance for Improving Survivability in Improvised Explosive Device and/or Active Shooter Incidents  (June 2015). This first responder guidance from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the U.S> Departments of Defense, Health and Human Services, Justice, and Transportation, provides evidence-based response strategies based on best practices and lessons learned from civilian and military IED and/or active shooter incidents.
  • Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions of Higher Education, a June 2013 publication jointly prepared by the U.S. Departments of Education, Homeland Security, Justice, and Health and Human Services; the Federal Emergency Management Agency; and the FBI, focuses on how institutions of higher learning can collaborate with their local government and community partners to plan for potential emergencies through the creation of a school Emergency Operations Plan.
  • Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans, a June 2013 publication jointly prepared by the U.S. Departments of Education, Homeland Security, Justice, and Health and Human Services, the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the FBI,  focuses on how schools can collaborate with their local government and community partners to plan for potential emergencies through the creation of a school Emergency Operations Plan.
  • A Guide for Preventing and Responding to School Violence (2010). A joint publication of the International Association of Chiefs of Police, the National Institute of Justice and the Bureau of Justice Assistance, this guide includes information on school violence prevention, threat assessment, crisis planning, major crisis response, dealing with the aftermath and media relations.
  • Guide to Social Media in Educational Environments, produced by the National Center for Campus Public Safety and Social Sentinel, provided those interested in the safety of a school district, college or university with insight into the use and impact of social media. The guide helps professionals learn about mainstream social media sites and apps most commonly used among teens and college-age adults. It includes a variety of social media and online safety tips to share with the community.
  • Handbook for Campus Safety and Security Reporting, 2016 Edition, from the U.S. Department of Education, helps colleges and universities lay the proper foundation for complying with the Clery Act and other Higher Education Act safety- and security-related reporting requirements. This revised edition updates and addresses the 2014 amendments to the Clery Act. Download the file from
  • Implementing Behavioral Threat Assessment on Campus: A Virginia Tech Demonstration Project describes several new models for enhancing safety and overall well-being, both for individuals at risk and for the community as a whole.
  • Indicators of School Crime and Safety. The Bureau of Justice Statistics and the National Center for Education Statistics release this report annually. It presents data on crime and safety in U.S. schools from the perspectives of students, teachers and administrators. Topics covered include victimization at school, teacher injury, bullying and cyber-bullying, school conditions, fights, weapons, availability and student use of drugs and alcohol, and student perceptions of personal safety at school.
  • Mass Victimization: Promising Avenues for Prevention focuses on seven promising prevention strategies focusing on threat assessment and proactive strategies to prevent mass victim incidents. The document was produced by the FBI in cooperation with a multi-agency collaborative.
  • NIOSH Safety Checklist Program for Schools and Other Safety Databases. This CD-ROM, produced in 2010 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, includes recommendations and checklists for establishing a safe schools program.
  • National Higher Education Emergency Management Needs Assessment (hot link to, identifies emergency management program needs at institutions of higher education. Results are based on a practitioner survey, and the report includes recommendations. This nationwide study was prepared by University of Oregon Community Service Center with funding from the National Center for Campus Public Safety, in partnership with the Disaster Resilient Universities® Network and the International Association of Emergency Managers-Universities and Colleges Caucus.
  • Operational Templates and Guidance for EMS Mass Incident Deployment, produced by the Federal Emergency Management Agency in June 2012, provides deployment templates, mass care coordination toolkits, policy guidance, sample mutual aid agreements and more.
  • Practical Information on Crisis Planning: A Guide for Schools and Communities (2007). Taking action now can save lives, prevent injury and minimize property damage in the moments of a crisis, and this guide emphasizes the importance of reviewing and revising school and district plans. Produced by the U.S. Department of Education.
  • Practitioners' Discussion of Implementing Clery/Title IX: Report on the Summit reports on summits held August 2014 and January 2015 to discuss compliance issues around Title IX and other related legislation including the Clery Act and the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), and look at promising practices. Summit sponsors were the International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators, the International Association of Chiefs of Police and the National Center for Campus Public Safety (NCCPS).
  • Preparedness and Response to a Rural Mass Casualty Incident: Workshop Summary  summarizes a workshop presented by the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. It addresses rural mass casualty incidents and the significant and unique challenges experienced by those working in rural areas.
  • Preparing and Responding to Cyberbullying: Tips for Law Enforcement. This tip card, jointly prepared by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children and the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), includes more than 20 recommendations from subject-matter experts working in law enforcement, youth trauma, mental health, computer crimes, victim services and education. It provides guidance on cyberbullying prevention, preparation, response and investigation to law enforcement administrators and first responders. A copy of the tip card, in English or Spanish, is available on the IACP website at
  • Preventing Youth Violence: Opportunities for Action and a companion piece, Taking Action to Prevent Youth Violence, provide information and action steps to help stop youth violence before it starts. These materials from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention discuss how all communities and all young people are affected by youth violence, which includes fights, bullying, threats with weapons, and gang-related violence, and how everyone can be involved in the fight against. Read more and access the download files at
  • Primer to Design Safe School Projects in Case of Terrorist Attacks and School Shootings produced by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Science and Technology Directorate, Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division, provides the basic principles and techniques to make a school safe from terrorist attacks and school shootings,  and also ensure it is functional and aesthetically pleasing, and meets the needs of the students, staff, administration and general public.
  • Prior Knowledge of Potential School-Based Violence: Information Students Learn May Prevent a Targeted Attack (May 2008). The U.S. Secret Service Safe Schools Initiative examined several issues, including whether most school attacks are planned and what can be done to prevent attacks.
  • The Role of Technology in Improving K-12 School Safety Technology, prepared by the RAND Corporation with funding from the National Institute of Justice, presents information on technology needs as identified by practitioners. The report identifies 12 types of school safety technologies, including several areas with the potential for improving safety in U.S. schools. Download the report from
  • "Run. Hide. Fight. Surviving an Active Shooter Event,” an FBI training video, can be viewed at
  • School Resources and Violence Prevention: Part One ( and Part Two ( offers help to SROs and other LEOs working in kindergarten through 12th grade educational settings. Part one addresses considerations in establishing such a partnership, including potential challenges, and Part Two focuses on targeted violence prevention strategies.
  • Safety Savvy, available in both Apple and Android versions, is a free education resource for parents and guardians that encourages safe behaviors and can be accessed from the user’s phone. Available from Texas Center for the Missing at . (See "Safety Savvy Provides the Answers to Your Questions” in Success Stories.)
  • School Safety Tips and Prevention provides information for children and links to resources on violence prevention, bullying and drugs. Go to
  • Sexual Violence Prevention: An Athletics Tool Kit for a Healthy and Safe Culture, available for download at, provides resource-independent tools for athletics administrators in their efforts to create campus communities free of violence and safe places for students to learn and thrive.
  • Steps for Developing a School Emergency Management Plan (2007). The U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools strongly encourages schools and school districts to develop emergency management plans within the context of the four phases of emergency management: prevention-mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. In addition, schools should collaborate closely with police, fire and emergency services personnel and community partners.
  • Student Safety Guide is an online HTML guide focusing on keeping safe on college campuses. It includes information on the Jeanne Clery Act, choosing a safe college, keeping safe while attending online classes and more. Visit
  • Suicide and Depression Awareness for Students is an online resource guide that includes resources, suicide warning signs, special populations at risk, and how to get help.
  • Surviving an Active Shooter, produced by the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, is a free online video that engages viewers in thinking and planning for their response to an active shooter event. Transcripts and links to educational resources are also available. Visit (See "Video Encourages Viewers to Plan for Survival” in Success Stories.)
  • The Higher Education Mental Health Alliance (HEMHA) recognized the need for a resource that would help both existing and new teams make informed decisions about their structure, scope, functions, and day-to-day operations. Higher Education Mental Health Alliance (HEMHA) Campus Teams Guide summarizes the existing literature on campus teams and suggests some of the key issues that should be considered when creating or managing a campus team. Updating and Maintaining School Emergency Management Plans (2007). Developing and implementing comprehensive, multihazard emergency management plans is an ongoing process that must be consistently reinforced and strengthened. Produced by the U.S. Department of Education.
  • Training Trigger: Integrated Response Operations in Active Shooter/Hostile Events, a June 2016 fact sheet from the Interagency Review Board, can be downloaded from
  • Violence Prevention in Schools, a new guide from the FBI, contains practical advice gathered from experienced school resource officers on how law enforcement, school and districts can work together to keep schools safe. Download the file from
  • What is the Supportive School Discipline Initiative? This brief from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention explains SSDI, a collaboration between the U.S. Departments of Education and Justice in coordination with OJJDP, the Department of Health and Human Services, and other federal partners. SSDI supports school discipline practices that foster safe, supportive and productive learning environments and keep students engaged in school and out of courts. The brief provides information about SSDI and features links to research, data collection, funding, and related resources, including the school discipline guidance package. Available for download at
  • "When Seconds Count,” produced by the Texas School Safety Center at Texas State University, is a free 20-minute video on preparing to deal with an active shooter situation. Available at
    (See "Texas School Safety Center at Texas State University Provides Assistance and Answers” in Success Stories)

For-Profit Resource Materials

NLECTC provides links to the following materials as a service to law enforcement, corrections and forensic science practitioners. These materials are available for a fee, and their inclusion does not constitute or imply their endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the U.S. Government and it shall not be used for the purposes of advertising, nor to imply the endorsement or recommendation of the U.S. Government.

For-Profit Organizations

NLECTC provides the following resource links as a service to law enforcement, corrections and forensic science practitioners. These websites may include references to specific commercial products, processes or services by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise. Their inclusion does not constitute or imply their endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the U.S. Government and it shall not be used for the purposes of advertising, nor to imply the endorsement or recommendation of the U.S. Government.

For-Profit Publications

NLECTC provides the following resource links as a service to law enforcement, corrections and forensic science practitioners. These websites may include references to specific commercial products, processes or services by trade name, trademark, manufacturer or otherwise. Their inclusion does not constitute or imply their endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the U.S. Government and it shall not be used for the purposes of advertising, nor to imply the endorsement or recommendation of the U.S. Government.

  • A Practical Guide for Crisis Response in Our Schools - A Comprehensive Crisis Response Plan for School Districts (Fifth Edition), produced by School Crisis Response, is a step-by-step, color-coded guideline geared to each responder in order to provide the most expeditious response possible to any emergency.
  • Crisis Management Plans for Schools, produced by J. Berra Engineering, features strategies for preparedness and response for more than 40 different types of emergencies.

Free Resources

  • The National Center for School Crisis and Bereavement is dedicated to helping schools support their students through crisis and loss. Visit
  • National Education Association Health Information Network (NEA HIN) is a nonprofit health and safety organization closely aligned with the NEA. Its services include a free downloadable crisis resource guide, School Crisis Guide: Help and Healing in a Time of Crisis.
  • National Organization for Victim Assistance (NOVA) provides information on victim assistance, how to get help, resources for victims/survivors and crisis response specialists as well as information on crisis intervention.
  • Law Enforcement Traumatic Stress: Clinical Syndromes and Intervention Strategies (1999). This article, published by the American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress, focuses on traumatic stress and intervention strategies for law enforcement officers.